Writing in The American Journal of Medicine, the new study examined data from more than 23,000 participants in order to examine the association between dietary fibre intake and a variety of cardio-metabolic risk factors.
Led by Dr Cheryl Clark from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, USA, the research team highlighted the importance of increasing dietary fibre intake by showing a correlation between low dietary fibre and an increased risk for cardiovascular risk - participants with the highest prevalence of metabolic syndrome, inflammation, and obesity had the lowest consumption of dietary fibre, said the team.
"Overall, the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, inflammation, and obesity each decreased with increasing quintiles of dietary fibre intake," commented Clark.
Compared with participants in the lowest quintile of dietary fibre intake, participants in the highest quintile of dietary fibre intake had a statistically significant lower risk of having the metabolic syndrome, inflammation, and obesity, she added.
"Our findings underscore the need for additional randomised controlled trial data to shape recommendations for dietary fiber intake as a preventive strategy to reduce associated cardiometabolic risks," said the research team.