Published in this month’s issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, the study focused on Latino children because they are more insulin resistant than white children, and are therefore more likely to develop obesity-related chronic diseases.
Fifty-five percent of participants across all intervention groups decreased their sugar intake by an average of 47 grams per day, while 59 percent increased their fiber intake by an average of 5 grams per day.
Participants who decreased their sugar intake had an average 33 percent decrease in insulin secretion and those who increased their fiber intake had an average 10 percent reduction in visceral adipose tissue volume.
"A reduction in visceral fat indicates a reduction in risk for type 2 diabetes, considering that to a greater degree than total body fat, visceral fat [fat surrounding the internal organs] has been shown to be negatively associated with insulin sensitivity," wrote the authors.
Source : Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009;163:320-327